verb sum up sheet

Finite Verbs:

Affix – used to denote simple, completed action. Translated in the past tense.
Prefix – used to denote incomplete action. Translated in the future tense, but usually is reversed by a vav-conversive.

Volitional Conjugations:

Cohortative – (first person)

Let us do such and such…
I will do…
We will do such and such…

Imperative – Command (second person)

Jussive – (third person)

May he do such and such…
Let them do such and such…
He or they shall do such and such…

Verbals:

Infinitive construct – functions as a noun or adverb.

Noun: subject, object (complementary infinitive), or PN.

Adverb:

Purpose – answers the “why?” question.

Inceptive – “about to…”

Temporal – answers the “when?” question.

Manner – answers the “how?” question.

Infinitive absolute – Grammatical intensifier. “He shall surely die.”

Participle – Translate with a dependent clause unless it is predicate usage.

Substantive – the participle functions as a noun; e.g. The ones who were guarding the fort fled.
Attributive – the participle functions as an adjective; e.g. The soldiers, who were guarding the fort, fled.
Predicate – The participle is a PA; e.g. The soldiers were fleeing the fort.