short vowel

English:
A short vowel is the counterpart of a long vowel.  So the “a” in gate is long while the “a” in bat is short.


Greek:

  • ε and ο are always short.
  • η and ω are always long.
  • α and ι can be either.

Hebrew:
In Hebrew, patah, segol, hiriq, qamet-hatuf, and quibbuts are all short vowels. See this chart.