long vowel

English:
A short vowel is the counterpart of a long vowel.  So the “a” in gate is long while the “a” in bat is short.


Greek:

  • ε and ο are always short.
  • η and ω are always long.
  • α and ι can be either.

Hebrew:
The long vowels (cf. short vowels) in Hebrew are the hiriq-yod, shureq, sere, sere-yod, and qamats.  See them all here.