ἤγαγεν αὐτὸν πρὸς τὸν Ἰησοῦν. ἐμβλέψας αὐτῷ ὁ Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν· σὺ εἶ Σίμων ὁ υἱὸς Ἰωάννου, σὺ κληθήσῃ Κηφᾶς, ὃ ἑρμηνεύεται Πέτρος.
ἐμβλέψαςWithout analyzing its spelling, what case is Σιμων? How does GGBB page 171 apply to this verse?
σὺ εἶ Σίμων ὁ υἱὸς Ἰωάννου,Without analyzing its spelling, what case is Σιμων? What function is it (principle 6)? What is in apposition to what in this clause?
σὺ κληθήσῃ Κηφᾶς, ὃ ἑρμηνεύεται Πέτρος.What is the dependent clause? DMW? Function? What word is modified?
Note that Κηφᾶς here is nominative because it is a PN. Some verbs, in addition to the forms of ειμι, take PNs as their complement, not objects. We have the same thing in English. The verb “taste”, for instance, takes a PN or a PA; e.g. This tastes great.
Τῇ ἐπαύριον ἠθέλησεν ἐξελθεῖν εἰς τὴν Γαλιλαίαν καὶ εὑρίσκει Φίλιππον. καὶ λέγει αὐτῷ ὁ Ἰησοῦς· ἀκολούθει μοι.Where is the complementary infinitive?
καὶ λέγει αὐτῷ ὁ Ἰησοῦς· ἀκολούθει μοι.
ακολουθει can be third singular as in Matt. 10:38, or it can be second singular imperative as here. The connecting vowel of ακολουθεω contracted with the epsilon ending for the second singular imperative ending to make ακολουθει (contraction).
ἦν δὲ ὁ Φίλιππος ἀπὸ Βηθσαϊδά, ἐκ τῆς πόλεως Ἀνδρέου καὶ Πέτρου.
ἦν δὲ ὁ Φίλιππος ἀπὸ ΒηθσαϊδάIs ην action or linking? Is ην transitive or intransitive? What is the subject of ην?
Note the phrase ἐκ τῆς πόλεως Ἀνδρέου καὶ Πέτρου. What word does this phrase modify?
- απο βηθσαιδα and ἐκ τῆς πόλεως Ἀνδρέου καὶ Πέτρου are both prepositional phrases modifying ην (and therefore adverbial in function).
- Aνδρεου and Πετρου are both genitives modifying πολεως (and therefore adjectival in function).
εὑρίσκει Φίλιππος τὸν Ναθαναὴλ καὶ λέγει αὐτῷ· ὃν ἔγραψεν Μωϋσῆς ἐν τῷ νόμῳ καὶ οἱ προφῆται εὑρήκαμεν, Ἰησοῦν υἱὸν τοῦ Ἰωσὴφ τὸν ἀπὸ Ναζαρέτ.