Ezekiel 10

Ezek 10:1

וָאֶרְאֶ֗ה וְהִנֵּ֤ה אֶל־הָרָקִ֙יעַ֙ אֲשֶׁר֙ עַל־רֹ֣אשׁ הַכְּרֻבִ֔ים כְּאֶ֣בֶן סַפִּ֔יר כְּמַרְאֵ֖ה דְּמ֣וּת כִּסֵּ֑א נִרְאָ֖ה עֲלֵיהֶֽם׃

and I saw and behold toward the platform which was over the head of the cherubim as a stone Sapphire as the appearance of the likeness of a throne; it was seen over them.

Paraphrase:  I will now describe the next vision I saw.  This time, I saw the same platform which I had seen previously when YHWH first appeared to me by the Chebar river.  This platform was clear as glass and was positioned above the heads of the four cherubs who waited on the Great King and did His will.  Now above this platform I saw what looked like a great throne.  This throne shone with all the brilliance of a bright blue stone, like a Sapphire.

Comments:

for רָקִיעַ see the Jewish Encyclopedia.


Ezek 10:2

וַיֹּ֜אמֶר אֶל־הָאִ֣ישׁ׀ לְבֻ֣שׁ הַבַּדִּ֗ים וַיֹּ֡אמֶר בֹּא֩ אֶל־בֵּינֹ֨ות לַהַגַּלְגַּ֜ל אֶל־תַּ֣חַת לַהַכְּר֗וּב וּמַלֵּ֨א חָפְנֶ֤יךָ גַֽחֲלֵי־אֵשׁ֙ מִבֵּינֹ֣ות לַהַכְּרֻבִ֔ים וּזְרֹ֖ק עַל־הָעִ֑יר וַיָּבֹ֖א לְעֵינָֽי׃

and he said to the man clothed with linens and He said, “Go to between to the wheels in the place by the Cherub and fill your hands with burning coals of fire from between by the Cherubim and scatter over the city and he went before my eyes.

Paraphrase:  The man sitting on this glorious throne (I only saw His glory and brilliance, not His person) spoke to the man, who was wearing the priestly garments, “Go to the which are spinning beneath the Cherubim.  Take a handful of the burning coals which you will find there and scatter them over the entire city of Jerusalem.  

Comments:

Linen was the clothes of the priests (Ex 28:39).


Ezek 10:3

וְהַכְּרֻבִ֗ים עֹֽמְדִ֛ים מִימִ֥ין לַהַבַּ֖יִת בְּבֹאֹ֣ו הָאִ֑ישׁ וְהֶעָנָ֣ן מָלֵ֔א אֶת־הֶחָצֵ֖ר הַפְּנִימִֽית׃

and the cherubim were standing by the right side to the house when the man was entering and the cloud filled the inner court.

Paraphrase:  Now at this time, the four cherubim were standing on the right side of the temple and the Glory-Cloud of YHWH with all its glory and brilliance filled the entire courtyard with glory.  It was then, that the man in the priestly garment entered the temple to do what YHWH had commanded him.

Comments:

For בְּבֹאֹו, see Gesenius 114e.  The preposition here gives a temporal nuance.

See the image (from the Ryrie Study Bible) for the inner court.


Ezek 10:4

וַיָּ֤רָם כְּבֹוד־יְהוָה֙ מֵעַ֣ל הַכְּר֔וּב עַ֖ל מִפְתַּ֣ן הַבָּ֑יִת וַיִּמָּלֵ֤א הַבַּ֙יִת֙ אֶת־הֶ֣עָנָ֔ן וְהֶֽחָצֵר֙ מָֽלְאָ֔ה אֶת־נֹ֖גַהּ כְּבֹ֥וד יְהוָֽה׃

and the Glory of YHWH arose from off the cherub to the threshold of the house, and the house was filled with the cloud, and the court was full with the shining of the glory of YHWH.  

Paraphrase:  Now when the man entered the temple, the Glory-Cloud of YHWH moved from where it was above the Cherubim to the threshold of the temple door.  It appeared to me that it was preparing to exit the building.  In spite of this move, the entire temple courtyard was blazing with the radiance and splendor of this Glory-Cloud. 

Comments:

 


Ezek 10:5

וְקֹול֙ כַּנְפֵ֣י הַכְּרוּבִ֔ים נִשְׁמַ֕ע עַד־הֶחָצֵ֖ר הַחִיצֹנָ֑ה כְּקֹ֥ול אֵל־שַׁדַּ֖י בְּדַבְּרֹֽו׃

and the sound of the wings of the cherubim was heard to the court of courts as the sound of God Shaddai when He speaks.

Paraphrase:  Now when this Glory-Cloud began to move, immediately the cherubim stood to attention and prepared to move as well.  The sound produced by their wings was awesome and reminded me of the sound I had heard when God had spoken to me by the Chebar river.  The sound was such that even those in the outer courts could have heard it as these cherubim stood ready to do whatever the Great King would ask of them.

Comments:

Ezek 10:6

וַיְהִ֗י בְּצַוֹּתֹו֙ אֶת־הָאִ֤ישׁ לְבֻֽשׁ־הַבַּדִּים֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר קַ֥ח אֵשׁ֙ מִבֵּינֹ֣ות לַהַגַּלְגַּ֔ל מִבֵּינֹ֖ות לַהַכְּרוּבִ֑ים וַיָּבֹא֙ וַֽיַּעֲמֹ֔ד אֵ֖צֶל הָאֹופָֽן׃

Ezek 10:7

וַיִּשְׁלַח֩ הַכְּר֨וּב אֶת־יָדֹ֜ו מִבֵּינֹ֣ות לַהַכְּרוּבִ֗ים אֶל־הָאֵשׁ֙ אֲשֶׁר֙ בֵּינֹ֣ות הַכְּרֻבִ֔ים וַיִּשָּׂא֙ וַיִּתֵּ֔ן אֶל־חָפְנֵ֖י לְבֻ֣שׁ הַבַּדִּ֑ים וַיִּקַּ֖ח וַיֵּצֵֽא׃

Ezek 10:8

וַיֵּרָ֖א לַהַכְּרֻבִ֑ים תַּבְנִית֙ יַד־אָדָ֔ם תַּ֖חַת כַּנְפֵיהֶֽם׃

Ezek 10:9

וָאֶרְאֶ֗ה וְהִנֵּ֨ה אַרְבָּעָ֣ה אֹופַנִּים֮ אֵ֣צֶל הַכְּרוּבִים֒ אֹופַ֣ן אֶחָ֗ד אֵ֚צֶל הַכְּר֣וּב אֶחָ֔ד וְאֹופַ֣ן אֶחָ֔ד אֵ֖צֶל הַכְּר֣וּב אֶחָ֑ד וּמַרְאֵה֙ הָאֹ֣ופַנִּ֔ים כְּעֵ֖ין אֶ֥בֶן תַּרְשִֽׁישׁ׃

Ezek 10:10

וּמַ֨רְאֵיהֶ֔ם דְּמ֥וּת אֶחָ֖ד לְאַרְבַּעְתָּ֑ם כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר יִהְיֶ֥ה הָאֹופַ֖ן בְּתֹ֥וךְ הָאֹופָֽן׃

Ezek 10:11 בְּלֶכְתָּ֗ם אֶל־אַרְבַּ֤עַת רִבְעֵיהֶם֙ יֵלֵ֔כוּ לֹ֥א יִסַּ֖בּוּ בְּלֶכְתָּ֑ם כִּ֣י הַמָּקֹ֞ום אֲשֶׁר־יִפְנֶ֤ה הָרֹאשׁ֙ אַחֲרָ֣יו יֵלֵ֔כוּ לֹ֥א יִסַּ֖בּוּ בְּלֶכְתָּֽם׃

Ezek 10:12 וְכָל־בְּשָׂרָם֙ וְגַבֵּהֶ֔ם וִֽידֵיהֶ֖ם וְכַנְפֵיהֶ֑ם וְהָאֹֽופַנִּ֗ים מְלֵאִ֤ים עֵינַ֙יִם֙ סָבִ֔יב לְאַרְבַּעְתָּ֖ם אֹופַנֵּיהֶֽם׃

Ezek 10:13 לָהַאֹ֖ופַנִּ֑ים לָהֶ֛ם קֹורָ֥א הַגַּלְגַּ֖ל בְּאָזְנָֽי׃

Ezek 10:14 וְאַרְבָּעָ֥ה פָנִ֖ים לְאֶחָ֑ד פְּנֵ֨י הָאֶחָ֜ד פְּנֵ֣י הַכְּר֗וּב וּפְנֵ֤י הַשֵּׁנִי֙ פְּנֵ֣י אָדָ֔ם וְהַשְּׁלִישִׁי֙ פְּנֵ֣י אַרְיֵ֔ה וְהָרְבִיעִ֖י פְּנֵי־נָֽשֶׁר׃

Ezek 10:15 וַיֵּרֹ֖מּוּ הַכְּרוּבִ֑ים הִ֣יא הַחַיָּ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר רָאִ֖יתִי בִּֽנְהַר־כְּבָֽר׃

Ezek 10:16 וּבְלֶ֙כֶת֙ הַכְּרוּבִ֔ים יֵלְכ֥וּ הָאֹופַנִּ֖ים אֶצְלָ֑ם וּבִשְׂאֵ֨ת הַכְּרוּבִ֜ים אֶת־כַּנְפֵיהֶ֗ם לָרוּם֙ מֵעַ֣ל הָאָ֔רֶץ לֹא־יִסַּ֧בּוּ הָאֹופַנִּ֛ים גַּם־הֵ֖ם מֵאֶצְלָֽם׃

Ezek 10:17 בְּעָמְדָ֣ם יַעֲמֹ֔דוּ וּבְרֹומָ֖ם יֵרֹ֣ומּוּ אֹותָ֑ם כִּ֛י ר֥וּחַ הַחַיָּ֖ה בָּהֶֽם׃

Ezek 10:18 וַיֵּצֵא֙ כְּבֹ֣וד יְהוָ֔ה מֵעַ֖ל מִפְתַּ֣ן הַבָּ֑יִת וַֽיַּעֲמֹ֖ד עַל־הַכְּרוּבִֽים׃

Ezek 10:19 וַיִּשְׂא֣וּ הַכְּרוּבִ֣ים אֶת־כַּ֠נְפֵיהֶם וַיֵּרֹ֨ומּוּ מִן־הָאָ֤רֶץ לְעֵינַי֙ בְּצֵאתָ֔ם וְהָאֹֽופַנִּ֖ים לְעֻמָּתָ֑ם וַֽיַּעֲמֹ֗ד פֶּ֣תַח שַׁ֤עַר בֵּית־יְהוָה֙ הַקַּדְמֹונִ֔י וּכְבֹ֧וד אֱלֹהֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל עֲלֵיהֶ֖ם מִלְמָֽעְלָה׃

Ezek 10:20 הִ֣יא הַחַיָּ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר רָאִ֛יתִי תַּ֥חַת אֱלֹהֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בִּֽנְהַר־כְּבָ֑ר וָאֵדַ֕ע כִּ֥י כְרוּבִ֖ים הֵֽמָּה׃

Ezek 10:21 אַרְבָּעָ֨ה אַרְבָּעָ֤ה פָנִים֙ לְאֶחָ֔ד וְאַרְבַּ֥ע כְּנָפַ֖יִם לְאֶחָ֑ד וּדְמוּת֙ יְדֵ֣י אָדָ֔ם תַּ֖חַת כַּנְפֵיהֶֽם׃

Ezek 10:22 וּדְמ֣וּת פְּנֵיהֶ֔ם הֵ֣מָּה הַפָּנִ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֤ר רָאִ֙יתִי֙ עַל־נְהַר־כְּבָ֔ר מַרְאֵיהֶ֖ם וְאֹותָ֑ם אִ֛ישׁ אֶל־עֵ֥בֶר פָּנָ֖יו יֵלֵֽכוּ׃