demonstrative pronoun

English:

The English demonstrative pronouns are this, that (singular) and these, those (plural).   “This” and “these” are used to refer to things near; “that” and “those” to things far.  video

 

Greek:

Greek has two demonstrative pronouns.  ουτος is “this” or “these” and εκεινος is “that” or “those”.  See BBG 13.7 or this video.

Paradigm of the 'near' demonstrative:

Near Demonstrative, οὗτος, this man, woman, thing (here).

Singular

Singular
Singular

Plural

 Plural
Plural

   Masculine   

   Feminine   

   Neuter   

   Masculine   

   Feminine   

   Neuter   

   Nominative

οὗτος

αὕτη

τοῦτο

οὗτοι

αὗται

ταῦτα

Genitive

τούτου

ταύτης

τούτου

τούτων

τούτων

τούτων

Dative

τούτῳ

ταύτῃ

τούτῳ

τούτοις

ταύταις

τούτοις

Accusative

τοῦτον

ταύτην

τοῦτο

τούτους

ταύτας

ταῦτα

 
Paradigm of the 'far' demonstrative:

Far Demonstrative, ἐκεῖνος, that man, woman, thing (there).

Singular Singular    Singular    Plural
Plural
Plural

   Masculine   

   Feminine   

   Neuter   

   Masculine   

   Feminine   

   Neuter   

Nominative

ἐκεῖνος

ἐκείνη

ἐκεῖνο

ἐκεῖνοι

ἐκεῖναι

ἐκεῖνα

Genitive

ἐκείνου

ἐκείνης

ἐκείνου

ἐκείνων

ἐκείνων

ἐκείνων

Dative

ἐκείνῳ

ἐκείνῃ

ἐκείνῳ

ἐκείνοις

ἐκείναις

ἐκείνοις

Accusative

ἐκεῖνον

ἐκείνην

ἐκεῖνο

ἐκείνους

ἐκείνας

ἐκεῖνα

Advanced info:

When a demonstrative functions as a noun, its case is determined by its function in the sentence.

If a demonstrative is functioning as an adjective, it is written in the predicate position although it is translated as an attributive adjective.

A demonstrative can weaken in force and be used as a personal pronoun.

 

Hebrew:

page or video

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