A DMW (Dependent Marker Word) is a word
that begins or marks out a dependent clause
. For example:
After we fell off the roof, we ran to the house.
“After” is the DMW. “After we fell off the roof” is the dependent clause.
There are two kinds of DMWs:
The important point is this
- subordinating conjunctions, and
- relative pronouns.
When the DMW is an subordinating conjunction, then the clause is functioning adverbially.
When the DMW is a relative pronoun, the clause is generally acting adjectivally.
There are only six relative pronouns: who, whom, whose, which, that, what. You can also add “-ever?” to some of these and they are still relative pronouns; e.g. whoever, whichever, etc.
In Greek, οτι is a common DMW. In Hebrew, אשר and כי are common DMWs.